Website for the latest theory and research findings on the I/D Model of Epistemic Curiosity and other expressions of curiosity, information-seeking, problem-solving and self-directed learning.
Litman, J.A. (2019). Curiosity: Nature, dimensionality, and determinants, In K.A. Renninger & S.E. Hidi (Eds.) The Cambridge Handbook of Motivation and Learning. (pp. 418-442). New York, NY:Cambridge University Press.
Lauriola, M., Litman, J. A., Mussel, P., De Santis, R., Crowson, H.M., & Hoffman, R.R. (2015). Epistemic curiosity and self-regulation. Personality and Individual Differences, 83, 202-207.
Piotrowski, J.T., Litman, J.A., & Valkenburg, P. (2014). Measuring epistemic curiosity in young children. Infant and Child Development, 23, 542-533.
Richards, J.B., Litman, J. A., & Roberts D.H. (2013). Performance characteristics of measurement instruments of epistemic curiosity in third-year medical students. Medical Science Educator, 23, 355-363
Litman, J.A. & Mussel, P. (2013). Development and validation of German translations of interest- and deprivation-type epistemic curiosity scales. Journal of Individual Differences, 34, 59-68.
Litman, J. A. (2012). Epistemic curiosity. Invited chapter in: S. Norbert (Ed.) Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning (pp. 1162-1165). New York: Springer-Verlag.
Litman, J.A. (2010). Relationships between measures of I- and D-type curiosity, ambiguity tolerance, and need for closure: An initial test of the wanting-liking model of information-seeking. Personality and Individual Differences, 48, 397-402.
Litman, J.A., Crowson, H. M., & Kolinski, K. (2010). Validity of the interest- and deprivation-type epistemic curiosity distinction in non-students. Personality and Individual Differences, 49, 531–536.
Litman, J.A. (2009). Curiosity and metacognition. Invited chapter in: C. B. Larson (Ed.) Metacognition: New Research Developments, pp. 105-116. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
Litman, J.A. (2008). Interest and deprivation dimensions of epistemic curiosity. Personality and Individual Differences, 44, 1585–1595.
Litman, J.A. (2007). Curiosity as a feeling of interest and feeling of deprivation: The I/D model of curiosity. Invited chapter in: P. R. Zelick (Ed.) Issues in the Psychology of Motivation, pp. 149-156. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
Litman, J.A. (2005). Curiosity and the pleasures of learning: Wanting and liking new information. Cognition and Emotion, 19, 793-814.
Litman, J.A., Hutchins, T.L., & Russon, R.K. (2005). Epistemic curiosity, feeling-of-knowing, and exploratory behaviour. Cognition and Emotion, 19, 559-582.
Litman, J.A., & Jimerson, T.L. (2004). The measurement of curiosity as a feeling-of-deprivation. Journal of Personality Assessment, 82, 147-157.
Litman, J.A., & Spielberger, C.D. (2003). Measuring epistemic curiosity and its diversive and specific components. Journal of Personality Assessment, 80, 75-86.